Computers need to operate at a certain temperature range for effectiveness. One of the common causes of computer damage is temperature changes. While operating, a computer can experience an increase in temperature, which impacts the internal components. Computer parts such as the CPU and GPU generate heat when they carry out their respective functions. The heat generated also depends on the functions that a particular part is carrying out. If a computer is forced to conduct heavy workloads, then it will result in higher internal temperatures.
Impact of Temperature Changes
The changes in temperature will affect a computer differently. When a machine overheats, the cooling system commands components to slow down. Hard drives are particularly susceptible to changes in temperature and can get easily damaged. If a computer is not able to cool itself, then it may turn off if the heat is too much. Keeping a machine at ideal room temperatures is vital. In the case of lower environmental temperatures, condensation may form inside, leading to water-damaged parts. Turning on a computer that has been in cold temperatures can cause components to break due to expansion.
One way of controlling temperatures in a computer is through the use of a fan. PCs have built-in fans that run systematically to prevent overheating of components. It is possible to get external fan controllers to regulate how the fan cycles. A user can also monitor the room temperature when operating a computer to ensure that it is at an ideal level.
Industrial Computers and Temperature Control
Computers in industrial settings are exposed to a wide range of temperature changes but they are built for it. Firstly, the internal components of an industrial computer are designed to handle extreme temperatures. Industrial PCs come with temperature ratings to indicate what degrees of hotness or coldness they can handle. Manufacturers have also found ways to make casings that cater to temperature changes. An industrial computer housing allows excessive heat to dissipate, thereby preventing overheating. On the other hand, computers used in extremely cold environments can have onboard screen or internal heaters.
How Does Temperature Affect The Performance of Computer Components?, SmallBusiness.Chron.com